Home Health Care Agency and Workers Charged In Patients-For-Cash Kickback Scheme

Press Release


Amity Home Health and CEO, Ridhima “Amanda” Singh, And 13 Doctors Are Among Dozens Charged In Alleged Multi-Million Dollar Scheme to Receive Referrals for Medicare Patients

SAN FRANCISCO – Federal complaints have been filed against 30 defendants charged in a patients-for-cash kickback scheme, announced United States Attorney David L. Anderson, Federal Bureau of Investigation Special Agent in Charge John F. Bennett, and Special Agent in Charge for the Office of Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS-OIG), Steven J. Ryan.

The complaints, unsealed this morning, describe a wide-ranging patients-for-kickback scheme. At the center of the scheme are Amity Home Health Care, the largest home health care provider in the San Francisco Bay Area, and Advent Care, Inc., a provider of hospice care. According to the complaints, all the defendants participated in the scheme whereby Amity, under the leadership of Chief Executive Officer Ridhima “Amanda” Singh, paid kickbacks to marketers, doctors, and other medical professionals in exchange for the certification or referral of patients for home health or hospice services. Also charged are 28 people including doctors, nurses, marketers, a social worker, and additional employees of Amity. According to the complaints, every single defendant charged was recorded by law enforcement officers either offering or accepting, or approving illegal payments for patient referrals.

Title 42, United States Code, Section 1320a-7b, makes it a crime for any person to knowingly solicit, offer, or pay a kickback, bribe, or rebate for furnishing services under a Federal health care program. Because many of the patients were insured by Medicare, a taxpayer-funded insurance plan, the referral of patients through the kickback scheme violated the statute.

“The complaints allege a scheme for doctors, nurses, and other medical care professionals to trade patients for cash,” said U.S. Attorney Anderson. “This is the largest cash-for-patients scheme ever charged criminally in the Northern District of California.”

“The transition to a home health agency should be based on medical and personal needs – not cash payments or thinly disguised referral bribes as alleged in these cases,” said Special Agent in Charge Ryan. “We will continue working with law enforcement partners to guard these vital government health programs as patients and taxpayers deserve better.”

The criminal complaints describe how Amity and some of its employees bribed individuals associated with hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, and doctors’ offices to induce those individuals to send patients to Amity and Advent. Amity and the other defendants often disguised the kickbacks as payroll, phony medical directorships, and, at other times, as “entertainment,” reimbursements,” “gifts”, or “donations.” Further, several of the defendants are doctors and other health care professionals who allegedly received bribes in exchange for making referrals to Amity and Advent and other home health agencies so that the companies could provide and bill for services. In the case of Amity, Singh and her employees allegedly compensated these professionals in cash for each patient referral and for making introductions to physicians, case managers, or other health care professionals who could refer patients.

In addition, some of the defendants are described as “marketers.” Marketers received from Amity and others cash and gifts, such as tickets to Warriors games, in exchange for patient referrals. Marketers had clients that consisted of case managers at hospitals, social workers at skilled nursing facilities, doctors, and office staff at doctors’ offices. Singh allegedly instructed marketers to take clients out to elaborate meals, sporting events, and purchase gifts for individuals willing to provide Amity with patients, mainly Medicare patients. When patient referrals were slow, Singh allegedly directed the marketer to incentivize clients with gifts in an effort to induce them to refer more patients to Amity.

In sum, the following individuals and companies have been changed in the scheme:

DefendantRoleAge/ResidenceCase Number
AMITY HEALTH CAREHome Health Care Provider 19-71440
ADVENT CARE, INC.Hospice Care Provider 19-71459
SINGH, AMANDACEO of Amity33, Livermore19-71430
ADDISON, BRENDAAmity employee49, Oakland19-71431
BHANDARI, BHUPINDERDoctor59, Pleasanton19-71441
DEGUZMAN, MERVINANurse/Case Manager41, San Jose19-71447
HICKS, KIMBERLYDoctor59, Oakland19-71451
KABANSKAYA, YELENADoctor39, San Jose19-71452
MYINT, GERALDDoctor68, Union City19-71448
NGUYEN, TAMDoctor44, San Jose19-71453
POSADA, JUANDoctor58, Cupertino19-71449
SCZENDZINA, EWELINAMarketer42, Gilroy19-71434
TAYLOR, SCOTTDoctor61, Oakland19-71455
WATSON, HENRYDoctor63, Oakland19-71423
ZHANG, ZHENGDoctor62, Saratoga19-71457
SANTOS, GLENNDAMarketer47, Castro Valley19-71433
MANCUSO, APRILDoctor38, Los Gatos19-71445
REYNOLDS, KERISIMASIDoctor37, Los Gatos19-71446
CARIAGA, CATHERINENurse/Case Manager31, Fremont19-71458
TIRONA, TERENCENurse/Case Manager33, Hayward19-71454
DEL ROSARIO, SALCase Manager44, San Jose19-71456
GAY, ANDRE NICOLASDoctor39, Union City19-71460
HASAN, MARIAMDoctor37, Milpitas19-71450
ROY, BELINDANurse/Case Manager59, Fremont19-71443
SUNO, NICOLEMarketer38, San Leandro19-71421
TEODORO, STELLANurse/Case Manager37, Union City19-71444
TACORDA, HILDAMarketer40, Hayward19-71432
PINA, REBECCAMarketer38, Redwood City19-71442
SINGH, VINEETASocial Worker42, Hayward19-71422
PRESCOTT, CAROLINEMarketing Director53, San Ramon19-71420


Each defendant is charged with illegally influencing patient referrals for federally funded health care through payments, in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)(2)(A). In addition, Singh is charged with lying to investigators, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001, and tampering with witnesses in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(3).

The complaints merely allege that crimes have been committed, and all defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. If convicted, the defendants face a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison and a maximum $500,000 fine. The corporations are subject to a $1,000,000 for each violation. In addition, Singh faces a maximum statutory penalty of 5 years and a $250,000 fine for the § 1001 charge and a maximum statutory penalty of 20 years and a $250,000 fine for the § 1512 charge. In addition, the court also may order an additional term of supervised release, fines or other assessments, and restitution, if appropriate. However, any sentence following conviction would be imposed by the court only after consideration of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and the federal statute governing the imposition of a sentence, 18 U.S.C. § 3553.

The prosecution is being handled by the Office of the U.S. Attorney, Northern District of California’s new Corporate Fraud Strike Force and is the result of an investigation by the FBI and HHS-OIG.